STAMFORD, CT (WFSB) -- There are now 19 towns in Connecticut where mosquitoes have tested positive for Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE).

On Friday, the Ledge Light Health District said mosquitoes in Waterford tested positive for EEE.

This comes after three deaths have been reported, and one hospitalization.

As of Oct. 4, the towns with EEE positive mosquitoes include: Bethany, Chester, Groton, Haddam, Hampton, Killingworth, Ledyard, Lyme, Madison, Middlefield, North Stonington, Old Lyme, Plainfield, Shelton, South Windsor, Stamford, Stonington, Voluntown, Waterford.

Health officials don't want people to panic, and said while there is a threat of EEE, it's lower than it was two weeks ago during the peak period for mosquito activity.

There are no plans to implement widespread pesticide sprays in the state.

The third and most recent death was a person in their 60s who became sick during the second week of September.

The fourth person who is infected is from Colchester and is in their 40s. The person contracted the virus in late August and remains hospitalized.

Those two cases were the first confirmed human cases of EEE in that East Haddam/Colchester area.

Residents who live in towns or near towns where the EEE virus has been found in mosquitoes and/or where there has been a confirmed case of EEE involving a human, horse or bird are advised to take precautions to avoid mosquito bites, including:

• Be sure door and window screens are tight fitting and in good repair

• While outdoors, wear shoes, socks, long pants, and long-sleeved shirts. Clothing material should be tightly woven

• Use mosquito netting if sleeping outdoors

• Consider using mosquito repellent when it is necessary to be outdoors and always use them according to label instructions. The most effective repellents contain DEET or Picaridin. Oil of lemon eucalyptus is also effective for brief periods of exposure

• When using DEET, use the lowest concentration effective for the time spent outdoors (for example, 6% lasts approximately 2 hours and 20% for 4 hours) and wash treated skin when returning indoors. Do not apply under clothing, to wounds or irritated skin, the hands of children, or to infants less than 2 months

Measures to reduce mosquitoes around the home include:

• Dispose of water-holding containers, such as ceramic pots, used tires, and tire Swings, clogged gutters

• Drill holes in the bottom of containers such as those used for recycling

• Change water in bird baths on a weekly basis

• Clean and chlorinate swimming pools, and cover pools when not in use

• Use landscaping to eliminate areas where water can collect on your property

For more information on EEE, click here.

Copyright 2019 WFSB (Meredith Corporation). All rights reserved.

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